I was going to continue my series of blog posts on Inspiration and Inerrancy by reviewing: (1) The Chicago Statement on Biblical Inerrancy (1978), (2) The Chicago Statement on Biblical Hermeneutics (1982), and The Chicago Statement on Biblical Application (1986). All three documents can be found in this one PDF document: The Chicago Statement on Biblical Inerrancy, Hermeneutics, and Application. However, I have recently realized that I need to finish reading some scholarly works and articles on this topic before I go on. I think I might be missing some key information lest I misrepresent other scholars and the Chicago Statements. I am finished reviewing the Chicago Statements on Inerrancy, Hermeneutics, and Application, but I may have misunderstood some details and I wish to take a pause before I continue.
Consequently, let me inform you of most of the books that I have read, that I am currently reading, and that I will be reading later this year. I will not necessarily finish reading all the books to be listed below before I continue my blog posts on this topic and on the Chicago Statements, but I do feel pressed to finish reading at least two more books that directly relate to what I have been communicating before I go on with my posts.
Here are the books that I have already read during the past few years on Inspiration and Inerrancy:
Couch, Mal. Inerrancy: All Scripture is God-breathed. Scofield Ministries, 2012.
Couch, Mal. Inspiration and Inerrancy: God Has Spoken. AMG Publishers, 2003.
Enns, Peter. How The Bible Actually Works: in Which i Explain How an Ancient, Ambiguous, and Diverse Book Leads Us to Wisdom Rather than Answers-and Why That’s Great News. HarperOne, 2019.
Geisler, Norman L. Biblical Inerrancy: The Historical Evidence. Bastion Books, 2013.
Geisler, Norman L. and Potter, Douglas E. The Bible: Its Origin, Nature and Collection. Bastion Books, 2016.
Warfield, B. B. The Biblical Idea of Inspiration. Ravenio Books, 2013. (Original print, unknown)
Warfield, B. B. The Real Problem of Inspiration. Titus Books, 2013. (Original print, 1893)
Here are the books that I am currently reading, and that I want to complete before I move on with my blog posts, that directly and pointedly address many of the points that I have made in my previous blog posts about Inspiration and Inerrancy in light of modern historical and scientific concerns:
Beale, Gregory K. The Erosion of Inerrancy in Evangelicalism: Responding to New Challenges to Biblical Authority. Crossway Books, 2008.
Walton, John H. The Lost World of Scripture: Ancient Literary Culture and Biblical Authority. IVP Academic, an Imprint of InterVarsity Press, 2013.
Here are some other books that I will eventually be reading later throughout the year to further my study:
Geisler, Norman L., and William C. Roach. Defending Inerrancy: Affirming the Accuracy of Scripture for a New Generation. Baker Books, 2011.
Hale, Philip. Confessing the Scriptural Christ against Modern Idolatry: Inspiration, Inerrancy, and Truth in Scientific and Biblical Conflict. Mercinator Press, 2016.
Merrick, J., and Stephen M. Garrett, editors. Five Views on Biblical Inerrancy. Zondervan, 2013.
Poythress, Vern S. Inerrancy and the Gospels: a God-Centered Approach to the Challenges of Harmonization. Crossway, 2012.
Poythress, Vern S. Inerrancy and Worldview: Answering Modern Challenges to the Bible. Crossway, 2012.
Thompson, Richard P., and Thomas Jay Oord. Rethinking the Bible: Inerrancy, Preaching, Inspiration, Authority, Formation, Archaeology, Postmodernism, and More. SacraSage Press, 2018.
Let me clarify at this point that in the scholarly discussion on Inspiration and Inerrancy, other key terminologies are also used that relate more-or-less to the same topic. All relevant terms used on these issues are as follows:
- Biblical Inspiration
- Biblical Infallibility
- Biblical Inerrancy
- Biblical Authority
- Biblical Preservation
- Biblical Immutability
From what I have read so far, most scholars will discuss biblical Inspiration, Infallibility, Inerrancy and Authority. Sometimes, biblical Preservation (i.e., the Doctrine of Preservation) is referred to and discussed in light of biblical Inspiration. Rarely is immutability discussed, but I have seen it in a few places.
Thus, Inspiration refers to the understanding that the written Scripture is God’s Word uttered from the Spirit and recorded through ancient, believing men onto a physical medium (e.g. tablets, scrolls and parchments, papyri); and that what is inspired is the textual, original autograph, not the human author.
Infallibility refers to the understanding that God cannot make errors, therefore the Scripture cannot be in error because it is infallible.
Inerrancy refers to the understanding that the Scripture contains no errors because it was inspired fully by God and because God cannot err.
Authority refers to the understanding that Scripture is fully and divinely authoritative over humanity due to its ultimate source coming from the divine authority: God himself.
Preservation refers to the understanding that Scripture was divinely preserved as a corollary of Inspiration and Infallibility.
Immutability refers to the understanding that God is immutable (i.e., God does not change), and thus his Scripture is immutable (i.e., Scripture does not change). I assume this could be tied to Preservation above.